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October 24, 2023

What Is Technical SEO? A Simple Guide For Beginners 

Imagine the internet as an infinite library, where each web page is a book vying for attention. Your website, no matter how valuable its content, is just another book on an overcrowded shelf if it remains unnoticed. SEO is the magical library index, the Dewey Decimal System of the digital world, ensuring that your book gets picked up, read, and cherished.

While SEO, in general, is the guardian of visibility, Technical SEO is the silent, unsung hero. It's the architect behind the scenes, constructing the foundation on which the content, the user experience, and the entire online ecosystem thrive.

So, what is this mysterious "Technical SEO" you ask? Well, it's the behind-the-scenes wizardry that works diligently to make your website search engine-friendly. Unlike its more famous counterparts, On-Page and Off-Page SEO, which deal with content and backlinks, Technical SEO focuses on the nuts and bolts of your website's structure and functionality.

In today’s article, we're going to dissect Technical SEO, revealing its inner workings, its essential elements, and its profound significance in the ever-evolving digital landscape. We'll delve into the fundamentals, exploring how website speed, mobile optimization, security, indexing, and crawling impact your site's SEO performance.

In a world where the digital cosmos is constantly expanding and evolving, this guide will empower you to navigate the SEO universe with confidence and competence. So with no further ado, let’s get into it! 

Definition of Technical SEO

SEO Meme

Technical SEO can be defined as the set of practices, strategies, and optimisations aimed at enhancing the technical foundation of a website to make it more search engine-friendly. It's the art of fine-tuning your website's architecture, code, and server configurations to ensure search engines can access, understand, and rank your content effectively.

The significance of Technical SEO cannot be overstated, as without it, all the other marketing efforts of a company are in vain. 

While On-Page and Off-Page SEO focus on content and external factors like backlinks, Technical SEO deals with the website's internal framework and performance. Let's break down the differences:

It is about ensuring that search engines can efficiently crawl, index, and understand your website. It involves optimising site speed, mobile-friendliness, security, URL structure, and more. Unlike On-Page and Off-Page SEO, which focus on content and external factors and directly influence user experience and authority, Technical SEO creates the foundation on which these strategies are built.

The core purpose of Technical SEO is to provide a smooth and accessible path for search engine crawlers to navigate your website. It ensures that your content is presented to search engines in a way that allows them to index and rank it accurately. By doing so, Technical SEO achieves several critical goals:

Improved Crawlability 

Technical SEO ensures that search engine spiders can access all parts of your website without encountering roadblocks, helping them index your content more comprehensively.

Enhanced User Experience

Many technical aspects optimised through Technical SEO, like page speed and mobile-friendliness, directly benefit users, leading to higher user satisfaction and longer time spent on your site.

Higher Search Rankings

A well-optimised technical foundation makes it easier for search engines to understand your content's relevance, which can result in higher search rankings and increased organic traffic.

Reduced Bounce Rates

A technically sound website is less likely to have issues that frustrate visitors, thus reducing bounce rates and improving conversion potential.

In essence, the core purpose of Technical SEO is to bridge the gap between your website and search engines, ensuring that your content receives the attention and ranking it deserves in the digital cosmos.

The Fundamentals of Technical SEO

As the foundation of your website's search engine visibility, Technical SEO consists of several key pillars that, when optimised, lead to improved user experience and search engine rankings. These fundamental aspects are:

Website Speed and Performance

Page loading speed is the silent determinant of whether visitors stay or abandon your website. In the blink of an eye, users decide if your site is worth their time. A slow-loading page can be a deal-breaker. It not only frustrates users but can also lead to a high bounce rate and lower search engine rankings. Google and other search engines consider page speed as a ranking factor, so a fast website is crucial for SEO success.

Mobile Optimisation

Mobile-friendliness is not just a luxury but a necessity in the digital age. With a significant portion of internet traffic coming from mobile devices, having a mobile-responsive website is crucial. Google gives preference to mobile-friendly sites in mobile search results, making it an essential aspect of Technical SEO.

SSL and Website Security

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificates play a vital role in ensuring the security of data transfer between a user's browser and your website's server. They encrypt this communication, protecting sensitive information such as login credentials and payment details. Beyond security, Google considers SSL as a ranking signal, promoting secure sites in search results.

Indexing and Crawling

One of the questions that as a technical SEO agency we get asked the most is, what is page indexing? This is actually much simpler than it sounds. 

Page indexing refers to the process by which search engines like Google or Bing add web pages to their databases. This indexing is essential for making web pages searchable and retrievable when users enter search queries. Search engine crawlers are automated bots that navigate the internet to discover, index, and rank web pages. They follow links from one page to another, making your content accessible through search results.

To ensure efficient indexing and crawling, it is very important to create and submit XML sitemaps to search engines to help them understand your website's structure. In addition, it is also recommended to use a robots.txt file to specify which parts of your site should or should not be crawled.

Other useful tips to improve your website ranking are to build a logical internal linking structure to guide crawlers to essential pages, monitor and fix broken links and 404 errors to maintain crawl efficiency and implement canonical tags to indicate the preferred version of duplicate content.

By mastering these fundamental elements of Technical SEO, you'll be laying a solid foundation for your website's visibility, user experience, and search engine rankings.

On-Page SEO vs. Technical SEO: Understanding the Key Differences

In the world of Search Engine Optimisation (SEO), two essential components play distinct yet interrelated roles: On-Page SEO and Technical SEO. Understanding their differences and how they synergize is critical for optimising your website's performance.

On-Page SEO primarily deals with the content and elements that users directly interact with when visiting a web page. It focuses on optimising individual pages to ensure they are valuable, relevant, and engaging to users. Key elements of On-Page SEO include keyword optimisation,

content quality, compelling title tags and meta descriptions, and overall user experience.

Technical SEO, on the other hand, focuses on the infrastructure and performance of a website, ensuring it is accessible and understandable to search engines. Key elements of Technical SEO include:

While On-Page SEO and Technical SEO may seem distinct, they are intertwined. For example, a technically optimised website with lightning-fast page loading speeds (Technical SEO) can enhance the user experience, ultimately reducing bounce rates and boosting engagement, which are crucial for On-Page SEO.

Conversely, On-Page SEO can significantly benefit from Technical SEO. For instance, a user-friendly, mobile-responsive website (Technical SEO) ensures that your well-optimised content is accessible to mobile users, thereby widening your audience reach and improving search engine rankings.

The fusion of these two aspects ultimately leads to a website that not only ranks well but also provides an excellent user experience. When content is relevant and valuable (On-Page SEO), and the technical foundation is solid (Technical SEO), the chances of higher search engine rankings and increased organic traffic multiply.

What Is a Technical Site Audit Checklist?

In the context of Technical SEO, an audit checklist is a structured and systematic list of items and tasks that SEO professionals or webmasters use to assess and optimise the technical aspects of a website. 

Clients can also effectively use a site audit checklist when dealing with a technical SEO agency to ensure transparency, track progress, and hold the agency accountable.

An audit checklist should be organised in a logical format, with items related to various technical aspects of the website, such as page speed, mobile-friendliness, security, and more. SEO professionals or agencies should be able to mark off or provide comments on each item as they review and address them during the audit.

The checklist ensures that all crucial technical SEO components are considered and it serves as a reference tool for both auditors and website administrators, providing a clear set of technical requirements and standards to meet.


In the vast library of the internet, where every web page competes for attention, SEO stands as the librarian who ensures that your website's "book" is not lost on an overcrowded shelf. SEO, with its various facets, is the guiding system that helps your digital content get discovered, read, and cherished by a global audience.

Technical SEO, often the unsung hero in this narrative, is the mastermind behind the scenes, laying the crucial foundation for content, user experience, and the entire online ecosystem to thrive. It's the architect of the digital realm, the wizard who makes websites search engine-friendly.

In this guide, we've taken a deep dive into the world of Technical SEO, unveiling its inner workings, fundamental components, and profound significance in the ever-changing digital landscape. We've explored the core elements, from website speed and mobile optimization to security, indexing, and crawling, that impact your site's SEO performance.

In a digital universe where constant expansion and evolution are the norms, this guide empowers you to navigate the SEO cosmos with confidence and competence. It provides the knowledge and tools you need to optimise your website's technical underpinnings and ensure that it stands out on the digital bookshelf. 

As you embrace the intricacies of Technical SEO, you unlock the potential for improved visibility, user experience, and search engine rankings. In this ongoing journey, the architect and the librarian join forces to make your digital content truly shine in the boundless expanse of the internet.


How can I address common technical SEO issues on my website?

You can certainly try to address common technical SEO issues on your website by conducting research and implementing best practices. There are various online resources, guides, and tools available to help you get started. However, it's essential to approach this task with caution. Technical SEO can be complex, and making mistakes can have adverse effects on your website's performance.

To mitigate risks and ensure a more effective approach, it's advisable to consider seeking assistance from a technical SEO expert or agency. These professionals have the expertise and experience to perform a comprehensive audit of your website, identify issues, and implement solutions effectively. Get in touch to speak with one of our seo experts who will be able to help with your technical issue.

How do I know if Technical SEO is an issue on my website?

Website site audits need to be carried out periodically. If you've never conducted a site audit or haven't done one recently, you most likely need to check your site health.

By regularly performing site audits and seeking expert assistance when needed, you can ensure that your website's technical foundation remains strong, contributing to improved search engine visibility and an enhanced user experience.

How do I submit a sitemap to Google?

To submit a sitemap to Google, you just need to:

  • Create a Sitemap: Generate a sitemap for your website. You can do this manually or use a sitemap generator tool or plugin.
  • Sign in to Google Search Console: Go to the Google Search Console (previously known as Google Webmaster Tools) and sign in with your Google account.
  • Select Your Property: Click on the website property (or add and verify your property if it's not already listed).
  • Access Sitemaps: In the left-hand menu, select "Sitemaps" under the "Index" section.
  • Add a New Sitemap: Click on the "Add a new sitemap" button.
  • Enter Sitemap URL: In the pop-up that appears, enter the URL of your sitemap file. The URL should typically be in the format "https://www.yourwebsite.com/sitemap.xml."
  • Submit Sitemap: Click the "Submit" button. Google will then process the sitemap and start crawling your website based on the submitted sitemap.

It's important to keep your sitemap up to date as you add or remove pages from your website, as this helps Google's crawlers better understand your site's structure and index your content accurately.

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Astronaut - Moon - Star DigitalAstronaut - Moon - Star Digital